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Practice Areas

Federal Economic Immigration

When enacted in 2015, the Express Entry Program envisioned inviting 400,000 immigrants to fill 110,000 employment spots based on the talents and skills of these new residents – talents and skills that are needed to sustain and build the Canadian economy. Every 2 weeks the Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) invites those applicants with the highest Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) scores to apply for Express Entry permanent residency status.

Canada welcomes skilled immigrant workers to join our national labor pool, which is decreasing due to an aging population and low birth rate. There are three Express Entry programs that invite foreign workers into Canada:

The Atlantic Immigration Program permits employers in New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland and Labrador to recruit foreign skilled workers or to invite international graduates to settle in Atlantic Canada after graduation. Both categories—skilled workers and international graduates—are eligible to apply for permanent residence, along with their families.

Eleven rural and northern communities administer immigration pilot programs to attract foreign workers to resettle in these under-populated regions. To attract new workers, these communities match applicants with local job vacancies and support their resettlement within these communities. This is called the Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot (RNIP).

Agriculture remains one of Canada’s most vital industries, and to support its vitality, Canada accepts up to 2750 applications from foreign agricultural workers seeking permanent residence through the Agri-Food Pilot program. Eligibility requires:

  • Eligible work experience
  • An eligible job offer
  • Test-validated language proficiency
  • Minimum educational requirements
  • Enough money to settle in Canada, if applicable
  • Maintained temporary residence status, if already in Canada

Child care workers who perform services in the home are needed to help sustain Canada’s economy, especially for so many single parent and two income households. In addition, Canada’s population is aging, and consequently, caregivers are needed to support the needs of an aging and disabled population. Two pilots were designed to provide a pathway to permanent residence for these categories of workers:

  • Home Child Care Provider Pilot
  • Home Support Worker Pilot.

Canada offers these pathways to permanent residence status to a limited number of child care and home health worker applicants a year.

Another immigration stream, although quite narrow and specific, is the self-employed person category. The area of self-employment is restricted to accomplished cultural and sports figures who are willing to make a significant contribution to the cultural or athletic life of Canada.

Canada is looking for qualified immigrant entrepreneurs to grow the Canadian economy. The Start-Up Visa program (SUV) matches immigrants who are bringing exciting business ideas with private sector investors within Canada. Initially Start-Up Visa applicants apply for a work permit, sponsored by their Canadian investor, and later, once the business is operating, can apply for permanent residence status.

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Provincial Nominees

The British Columbia Provincial Nominee Program (BC PNP) is a path to permanent residence in Canada for foreign skilled workers, entry level and semi-skilled workers, international graduates, international post-graduates, and healthcare professionals.

The British Columbia Provincial Nominee Program (BC PNP) is a path to permanent residence in Canada for foreign skilled workers, entry level and semi-skilled workers, international graduates, international post-graduates, and healthcare professionals.

Candidates typically need to have a job offer to be eligible to apply for permanent residence through the BC PNP. However, if you are an international post-graduate applicant, who has graduated from an eligible university in B.C. with a Masters or doctorate in a natural, applied, or health sciences program of study, you do not need to have a current job offer to apply through the BC PNP.

British Columbia also has three options for entrepreneurs who wish to start a business or acquire a business in British Columbia.

The province of Alberta administers its immigration nomination process through the Alberta Advantage Immigration Program (AAIP). Foreign nationals interested in applying for permanent residence in Alberta, the home to Edmonton and Calgary as well as magnificent national parks and vast rural topography, may apply through AAIP.

There are a variety of streams for workers and entrepreneurs to bring your skills and talents, and ambition, to benefit yourself, your family, and Canada.

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Family Reunification

Canada recognizes the importance of family on the success of resettled refugees, and encourages family reunification by providing for an opportunity to bring a spouse, common law or conjugal partner, and dependent children under the age of 22 to Canada. Family unity is considered by Canada to be an important human right. In 2021, Canada granted permanent residence status to over 103,000 applicants.

Canadian immigration policy supports family reunification. Canada is welcoming a plethora of immigrants, with many of whom will be granted permanent status based on bringing families together to join and participate in the Canadian economy. Canada needs new skilled workers, especially post-pandemic, in order to grow and nurture our economic recovery.

Each year Canada invites foreign-born citizens and permanent residents to register for a chance to sponsor their parents or grandparents to migrate to Canada. In 2021, Canada opened slots for 30,000 sponsorships. However, to be eligible to be chosen as a potential sponsor, you must register first. The registration period for 2022 has not yet been announced.

A sponsored parent or grandparents, once approved, can receive permanent residence status, and even become eligible to apply for Canadian citizenship.

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Refugee and Protection Persons

Foreign nationals who have been granted refugee or protected persons status may apply for permanent residence in Canada. The Immigration and Refugee Board and the Citizenship and Immigration Department are the government agencies with authority to determine protected persons status. Once the Immigration and Refugee Board determines that you need protection or are a Convention Refugee, you are eligible to apply for permanent residence. The Citizenship and Immigration Department can also declare you a protected person by approving a pre-approval risk assessment. Once approved by either agency, you are cleared to apply to enter Canada.

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Temporary Residents

For those foreign nationals who are not eligible as either a refugee or a protected person, or who have some factor that makes them initially inadmissible, you may still be eligible to visit Canada with a Temporary Resident Permit (TRP). Inadmissibility might mean that you have a medical condition, recent or past criminal conviction, financial incapacity, or made misrepresentations on your application that prevent entry to Canada without a TRP.

. What makes Canada so attractive to foreign students is a combination of high quality education, access to staying in Canada after graduation, safety, and the ability to study in either English, or in French. Add to this the relative lower cost of education because of currency exchanges. Canada is a multicultural society that prides itself on its diversity and acceptance of differences in culture, attitudes, and experiences.

Canada is welcoming of foreign nationals to fill important employment positions, left vacant due to labour shortages. Foreign nationals have over 100 ways to gain legal temporary employment in Canada. The Temporary Foreign Worker Program administers some of these avenues; the International Mobility Program administers the rest.

Visitors are persons who are not Canadian citizens or permanent residents of Canada and are legally authorized to enter Canada for a vacation, to visit family, to study in Canada, or to conduct business. These visitors are restricted in the length of their stay and are subject to various conditions depending on their status.

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PR Renewals and Citizenship Applications

A permanent resident card is issued for a period of 5 years and entitles the foreign national holding the card to enter and leave Canada. These permanent resident cards can be renewed upon a showing that the foreign national has met the residency requirements, among other things. To maintain residence, a foreign national must have resided physically in Canada for two out of the past five years. Failing to maintain residency means losing the right to permanent residency in Canada.

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Immigration Litigation

Having an immigration application denied or receiving a removal order from the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada can be devastating but it might not be a dead end. Although we cannot guarantee any specific result, at Canadian Currents Immigration we can insist that you and your family are treated with dignity and fairness.

Having an immigration application denied or receiving a removal order from the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada can be devastating, but it might not be a dead end. Although we cannot guarantee any specific result, at Canadian Currents Immigration, we can insist that you and your family are treated with dignity and fairness.

Permanent residents, refugees, and foreign nationals possessing permanent visas who have been presented with a removal order—telling them that they must leave Canada—may file an appeal with the Immigration Appeal Division (IAD) of the Immigration and Refugee Board. Not all foreign nationals with a pending removal order may file an appeal.

The appeal of a removal order is heard by an independent tribunal that reviews the circumstances of the removal order to determine that it is legally and factually valid. Even if valid, the tribunal may determine there are sufficient humanitarian and compassionate grounds to allow the claimant to remain in Canada.

There are deadlines to apply for a review. An application for leave and for judicial review may be served on the other party and filed with the registry of the Court within 15 days (for a matter arising in Canada) OR 60 days (for a matter arising outside Canada) after the day on which an applicant is notified of or becomes aware of the matter to be reviewed. If you want to apply for a review, you may want to get legal advice as soon as possible.

Our immigration lawyers at Canadian Currents Immigration in Vancouver can help you in the event the decision you received was not fair or reasonable, or that there was an error.

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